The Nature of Management

Management is the integration and co-ordination of resources in order to move effectively towards desired objectives. All organisations have some missions that include their reasons for existence. To be effective, organisations must have targets, objectives towards which managers hope to move.

Effectiveness is the heart of all managerial activities. This also refers to how well an organisation reaches its objectives over a period of time.

However, it stresses the long-range continuing nature of organisation. The ability to change, adapt, reach objectives and serve its mission is of prime importance to any organisation. This is easy to understand when it is contrasted with efficiency.

Efficiency is a short-term measure of how well an organisation uses its resources. This measures frequently are used to determine whether the organisation is meeting its short-term targets.

Basically, resources are what managers must use efficiently and effectively. They include human resources example workers at all levels in the firm, capital resources example acquition and use of money.

Technology includes the type of computer you buy, the building needed and the maintenance of the facilities. Clients are those served by the firm, including customers, community etc. Time is a limiting resource. How fast customers are served, when to bring in innovation are important consideration.

A skill of the professional business consultant is the ability to recognise the relative importance and proper or logical location of each function in any specific situation. Thus, the emphasis placed on each function varies with nature of the client business. Hence, there is never a packaged solutions to organisation problems.

Each client organisation differs from the other in the way it organises and intergrates the various organisation functions because of variations in market products, methods, tradition, people and many other aspects.

Finally, the true organisation consultant, then,must recognises this and deals with each individual on its own merits

Martins Okosina